Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coffee is a plant (Coffea) and the name of the drink that is made from this plant. The coffee plant is a bush or tree that can grow up to ten meters (about 32 feet) high, but is usually cut shorter. Coffee plants originally grew in Africa, and now also grow in South America, Central America and Southeast Asia. They are an important crop for the economies of many countries.
The drink is made from the seeds of the coffee plant, called coffee beans. Coffee is usually served hot, and is a popular drink in many countries. Coffee contains a chemical called caffeine, a mild drug that keeps people awake.
To make a drink from coffee beans, the beans must first be specially prepared by drying the beans and then roasting. The beans are dried a short time after they are picked. This preserves them and makes them ready to be packed or roasted. Before the beans are made into a drink, they must roasted or ground (crushed into tiny pieces in a coffee mill). When the ground coffee is placed into boiling water, the flavour and dark brown colour of the beans goes into the water. Making coffee is called brewing coffee. There are several different ways that coffee can be brewed.
There are two main types of coffee plants. The Coffea Arabica, the most common. Most of the world's coffee is made from Arabica beans, and the Coffea Robusta, which is easier to grow in places where Arabica will not grow.
Robusta is cheaper and has more caffeine than Arabica and it is used in many commercial coffee products. But Robusta tastes bitter and acidic, so people only drink it with other things. Better quality Robustas are in some espresso blends.
In the past, people gave names to new Arabica coffees from the port they came from. The two oldest Arabica coffees are "Mocha" and "Java". Today, names are more specific. They tell us the country, region, and sometimes even the property where they come from.Coffee beans before roasting Coffee beans after roasting
Aging[change | change source]
Some sorts of coffee taste better if the beans are "aged". This means that after they are picked, the beans are dried and then kept from three to eight years. This "aging" gives the coffee a less acidic taste. Coffee that has been aged is often mixed or "blended" with other coffee that is not aged.
Roasting[change | change source]
"Roasting" is one of the important stages in making coffee beans into coffee. When a coffee bean is roasted, it grows nearly two times bigger and changes from green to yellow to brown.
The length of time that the coffee beans are roasted makes the coffee taste different. Some types of coffee, such as Mocha and Java, are roasted for a short time. It is easy to tell from the flavour where the coffee is from. When coffee is roasted for a long time, it is harder to tell the different types apart. Green coffee beans can be bought and roasted at home in the oven.
Grinding[change | change source]
Before the coffee is made into a drink, it is "ground" in a small grinding machine called a "coffee mill". The coffee mill breaks the beans into very small pieces. Coffee is turned into a drink in several different ways. For some ways of making coffee, such as "espresso" it is best to have the coffee ground into fine powder but for other types of coffee-making, such as "filtered coffee", the coffee is in larger pieces to stop it going through the filter. Finely ground coffee makes a stronger taste.
Brewing[change | change source]
Coffee is made into a drink by putting the coffee into boiling water. This is called "brewing" coffee. There are many ways to brew coffee. Four of the most popular are:
- Boiling: The coffee and the water are put into a pot on top of the stove and boiled slowly together. This way of making coffee has been used for hundreds of years. It is the way that coffee is usually made in the Middle East, North Africa, Turkey and Greece.
- Pressure: The boiling water is forced through the ground coffee by a machine. This type of coffee is called Espresso and the machine is called an "Espresso machine" or "Coffee system". Espresso machines are often found in cafes and restaurants. Espresso is a very strong coffee that can be used to make other coffee drinks.
- Gravity: Filtered coffee is made by gravity because the boiling water falls from a machine onto the coffee. The coffee grounds are held in a paper or metal "filter" that the water can run through, but the little coffee pieces cannot. The water becomes coloured and flavoured as it runs through the coffee and into a coffee pot.
- Steeping: Boiling water is poured onto the coffee and it is allowed to stand for a little while, until the water has taken the colour and flavour. This is often done in a cafetière, which is a tall glass or coffee pot which has a special filter inside that can be pushed down when the coffee is ready so that the person does not drink the coffee grounds. Another way of steeping coffee is to have coffee grounds in a small packet, the right size to make one cup of coffee. The packet is placed in the cup and water poured over it. Then the packet is removed.
- Black coffee is coffee with no milk in it.
- White coffee is coffee with milk in it.
- Café au lait is coffee made with a lot of hot milk. It is often sweet.
- Espresso is very strong coffee. In Australia, it is often called a "short black".
- Cappuccino is espresso with frothed milk (milk mixed with air). A well-made cappuccino should be made of strong coffee. When the frothy milk is poured gently into the coffee cup, it should be white on top and have a ring of darker coffee around the edge. Cappuccino coffee sometimes has cocoa sprinkled on top.
- Latte is made like a cappuccino but with added milk and a very thin layer of foam.
- "Flat white" is a double espresso where milk micro foam is added to the crema (an emulsion of the oils in the coffee beans when combined with hot water that floats) on the double espresso.
- Americano is espresso with a lot of hot water.
- Irish coffee is coffee with whiskey and with cream on the top.
- Iced coffee is espresso in a tall glass with crushed ice, cold milk and ice cream.
- Vietnamese style coffee (Cafe Sua Da) is filtered coffee poured over ice into a glass with sweet condensed milk (thick milk which has had the water removed).
- Baby-cino is a small hot milk drink suitable for children.
"Instant coffee" is a very quick way to make a cup of coffee to drink. It is made in a factory and sold in jars or packets. First, strong coffee is made using ground coffee and boiling water. Then, the coffee grounds are filtered out. The coffee liquid is dried out until nothing is left except granules (little crunchy pieces), or fine powder. This is then put into jars or packets. As soon as a spoonful of "instant coffee" is added to boiling water, it dissolves in the water to make coffee to drink. The taste can be very different from fresh coffee. Part of the reason for the different taste is that Robusta coffee beans are usually used for making instant coffee. Robusta coffee beans do not cost as much as Arabica.
The United States buys the most coffee; Germany is next. People in Finland drink the most coffee for each person. In Canada, the United States and Europe, some restaurants sell mainly coffee; they are referred to as "cafés" or "coffeehouses". Cafés often sell food, but the type of food is different from one country to another.
In some countries, for example, those in northern Europe, people like having coffee parties. At these parties, people have coffee and cake.
In many countries, people drink coffee at work; in the United States and England, for example, people drink it in the morning. In other countries, such as Mexico, people drink it in the evening to help them stay awake.
Coffee contains the drug caffeine. Caffeine is a mild stimulant which helps to keep people awake. Caffeine, like many drugs, can be addictive and can cause health problems.
Some studies have looked at the health risks of coffee. In February 2003, there was a study in Denmark of 18,478 women to find out if coffee had an effect on pregnancy and birth. It was found that if a woman drank between four and seven cups of coffee a day, it did not seem to make a big change to the number of babies that were born dead, (stillborn). But the women in the study who drank eight or more cups of coffee a day had three times as much chance of having a stillborn baby.
For this, and other reasons, some people drink coffee substitutes instead or decaffeinated coffee .
- ↑ "Botanical Aspects". International Coffee Organization. Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- ↑ Reynolds, Richard. "Robusta's Rehab". Coffee Geek. Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- ↑ "Coffee Aging". Ring Surf. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
- ↑ Ukers, William Harrison (January 1, 1993). All about Coffee. Gale Research; 2d ed edition. p. 725. ISBN 978-0810340923.
- ↑ Rothstein, Scott. "Brewing Techniques". Retrieved 2007-07-19.
- ↑ Levy, Joel (November 2002). Really Useful: The Origins of Everyday Things. Firefly Books. p. 1948. ISBN 978-1552976227.
- ↑ Davids, Kenneth (1991). Coffee: A Guide to Buying, Brewing, and Enjoying. 101 Productions. p. 128. ISBN 978-1564265005.
- ↑ James, JE; KP Stirling (September 1983). "Caffeine: A summary of some of the known and suspected deleterious effects of habitual use". British Journal of Addiction 78 (3): 251-8. PMID 6354232.
- ↑ "Big coffee drinkers 'double risk of stillbirth', Daily Telegraph". 21 February 2003.
- ↑ "Maternal consumption of coffee during pregnancy and stillbirth and infant death in first year of life: prospective study, British Medical Journal". 22 February 2003.
How to get your friends into coffee.
Coffee is best when shared. While a good cup of coffee is a great thing in its own right, nothing beats catching up with a friend over a cup of coffee. But what if your bestie, or your significant other, simply doesn’t like the taste of coffee? Well, you could just accept that we’re all wonderfully unique, or you could try and convince them that coffee is the greatest and that they are fools for not drinking it. If you choose the second option, here are five ways to prove your case.
1. Don’t force the issue
This may not apply to everyone, but in my experience, having a friend continuously insisting that I try something they love is the surest way to ensure that I'll never ever try it. Whether it be a rebellious streak, rugged individuality, or just stubbornness, when my friends try and get me to listen to certain bands or watch a show I tend to double down on my avoidance of it.
So when trying to introduce your friends to coffee, don’t force the issue. You want to share something you enjoy with them, not beat them into caffeinated submission.
2. Gift them a french press and some good beans
A good quality French press and a small bag of some of your favorite coffee is a great way to get a friend to try out your beverage of choice. Now, I’ve already expressed my opinion on the merits of French presses, but I acknowledge that for most it’s the de facto best way to prepare good coffee.
This is also a great gift because even if your friend never ends up becoming a coffee aficionado, it’s always useful having a French press around for when you have guests.
3. Take them to your favorite coffee shop
Enjoying coffee isn’t just about the drink, it’s also about the experience. The ambiance and vibe of your favorite coffee bar can make all the difference. Better yet, chances are the baristas have a great deal of experience with suggesting drinks to coffee newbies.
4. Focus on flavor
Probably the simplest way to introduce a friend to coffee is to focus on the flavor profiles different beans offer. Does your friend like hot chocolate or peanut butter? Suggest they try out some light roasted Guatemalan beans. Similarly, if your friends are fans of fruity flavors suggest they try an iced Ethiopian coffee.
5. Ditch the dark roasts
For someone just getting into coffee, shying away from intense dark roasts has a couple of clear benefits. Dark roasts tend to be overly bitter and intense, which can scare away those who aren’t used to the taste of coffee. Furthermore, dark roasts mask a lot of the interesting flavors that coffee has to offer.
6. Try food pairings
If you’ve never tried coffee, or non-instant coffee before, the taste of real freshly brewed java can be quite intense and off-putting. A great way to soften the bitter notes of coffee and bring out the subtle flavors is to pair the coffee with a well-chosen food item.
Pairing coffee and food sound more daunting than it really is. It’s true that there is a lot of room for experimentation but provided you keep these three basic pairings in mind you shouldn’t go too far wrong. Pair Latin American coffees with nut and chocolate based foods. Pair African coffees with citrus and berry-based foods, Finally, pair Indonesian coffees with herbal and spice based foods.
7. Don’t be judgemental
When it comes to coffee, I’m a total snob. If it isn’t single origin I’m not interested, and as far as I'm concerned pre-ground coffee isn’t technically even coffee. That being said, I realize that what works for me is not going to appeal to everyone.
Introducing your friends to coffee is like introducing them to your favorite band. You wouldn't start them with some bootleg deep cuts; no, you’d either play them some singles or offer them a greatest hits compilation. Similarly with coffee, start off with a nice balanced blend and then move on the single origin when they're ready.
Finally, If your friend has tried coffee and just can’t get into it, accept this and move on. You can’t convince everyone!
Espresso vs Coffee - Difference and Comparison
In order to be made into coffee, the whole coffee bean must be ground. Most ground coffee is for brewing in a home coffeemaker. In automatic drip systems, the beans are ground to a medium coarseness. Hot water drips onto the ground coffee and extracts its essence through a filter. The grounds are discarded after use. Coffee can also be boiled or placed in a percolator for brewing, and numerous other brewing methods exist, including single-serve coffee systems, like the Keurig, Tassimo and Nespresso. Some brewing methods, such as using a French press, don’t filter the coffee through paper, instead allowing the coffee to keep its natural oils and much of its natural body.
Espresso is an alternate brewing method. Very hot water under pressure is forced through finely-ground, compacted coffee for 20-30 seconds. The result is a beverage that is thicker than normal coffee. In addition, froth is formed on top of the beverage. This froth is called crema. The crema is the result of emulsifying the oils in the coffee into a colloid. Crema should be a dark mahogany color, with small bubbles of gas released during brewing. The presence of light-colored spots in the crema suggests the pull (a term used for making espresso due to the first esspresso machines relying on the barista to pull down a spring-loaded lever that controlled the pressure of extraction) went on too long, and the absence of crema indicates either a poorly-brewed shot or that the coffee beans lost their sugar and fat during processing.
This video on YouTube provides an overview of espresso vs drip coffee machines and their brewing methods.
In the following video, a barista from Starbucks explains the difference between espresso shots and drip coffee.
Serving SizeBrewed Black Coffee
The average serving size of a cup of coffee is 8 ounces, and the typical espresso serving size is one ounce. Often, espresso will be added to coffee in shots. It is not uncommon to add up to three or four shots of espresso to a cup of coffee, and espresso is the base for drinks such as lattes, cappuccinos, Americanos and mocha caffes. Of course, espresso may also be drunk alone without mixing it into coffee or with milk.
The popular chain Starbucks offers drip coffee in five sizes and espresso in two. Drip coffee can be purchased in Short (8 oz.), Tall (12 oz.), Grande (16 oz.), Venti (20 oz.), and Trenta (31 oz.). Espresso is available in Solo (1 oz.), and Doppio (2 oz.). In Europe, espresso is typically available in four sizes: Ristretto (3/4 oz.), Single Shot (1 oz.), Lungo (1½ oz.), and Double Shot (2 oz.).
Depending on the brew, a cup of coffee contains 80-185mg of caffeine per typical 8oz serving. A 2oz. serving of espresso contains 60-100mg of caffeine. Per ounce, espresso contains more caffeine — 30-50mg/oz. compared to coffee’s 8-15mg/oz. However, as espresso is usually consumed in a serving size of 2oz. or less, a single serving of coffee generally delivers more caffeine than a single serving of espresso.
Espresso is usually a blend of different beans providing a subdued acidity, heavy body, and sweet balance to any bitter flavors. Drip coffee tends to lack the full range of flavors and oils present in the coffee beans as the paper filter filters out many of the natural oils, and the longer brewing time may allow phytic and tanic acids which mask the desirable flavors to develop.
Over-extracted espresso or espresso made using over-roasted beans is likely to taste excessively bitter, but well-made espresso should not. Complex nutty, fruity, salty and sweet flavors should instead be discernible.
The body of coffee is its physical properties – how it feels in the mouth. It can be oily, watery, or grainy; light, thin, medium, or full. A coffee’s weight and consistency impact its body. The filter used in drip coffee removes many flavor oils and produces a lighter body, while espresso tends to have a fuller body, as essential oils remain.
The aroma of coffee is volatile and is a strong indication of the overall flavor. Smoky, herbal, nutty, fruity, and complex notes may be discernible. Neither drip coffee nor espresso should ever smell burnt – this generally points to an incorrectly prepared beverage.
The bitterness, tasted at the back of the mouth, is to some extent desirable in coffee, but is specifically desirable for espresso preparations. Robusta beans produce a more bitter flavor than arabica beans, and well-balanced bitterness ensures a full flavor. The sweetness of coffee can usually be tasted at the tip of the tongue and is mild and smooth.
Acidity and pH Level
Coffee acidity is not the same as its pH level and shouldn’t be confused with sour, unpleasant bitterness. It is, in fact, a ‘measurement’ based solely on taste. High acidity is considered "bright," while low acidity is often defined as being "smooth," and acidity that is too low is seen as "flat." Combining sugar with coffee produces an acidity which increases coffee’s sweetness, i.e., the taste that is referred to as acidity is sweetened.
Coffee typically has a pH level of 5 – a little less acidic than tomato juice (4) and a little more acidic than milk (6). Phytic and tanic acids, which occur naturally in coffee beans, cause the bitter, occasionally searing, effect in the mouth and stomach that is sometimes termed acidity.
The acidity of a beverage depends upon the coffee bean used to produce the grounds and the brewing technique. Darker roasts tend to be less acidic both in flavor profile and pH level. Cold-brewing also produces a beverage with a lower pH level. The time of the extraction process also affects the amount of phytic and tannic acids in the beverage. The shorter extraction period of espresso usually hinders these acids from seeping into the final brew. A good way to tell when the phytic and tannic acids have leached into the espresso is when the rich, dark tan color of the crema changes to a lighter straw color.
The verdict is still out on whether coffee is good or bad for you. Both drip coffee and espresso contain magnesium, calcium, and potassium. However, while espresso provides three times as much magnesium in a one ounce serving as coffee provides in an 8oz. serving, the typical serving of drip coffee delivers higher levels of calcium and potassium. Caffeine can aggravate anxiety and raise blood pressure, but it has also been linked to [www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2257922/ reduced cortisol response], [www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7369170 stimulated metabolic response], and a [www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20182054 decreased risk of dementia], and some of the oils found in coffee are said to be beneficial to the heart.
Top 5 things to do if you want to get into coffee
Last week I had someone tell me that, as much as they tried to get into coffee, they simply could not get it to like it. This got me started to think first, how someone could possibly not like coffee, and second, what can I do to change that persons mind. So I decided to make a list of top 5 things to do, for anyone who wants to get into coffee, not to become like a coffee aficionado or anything, but at least to appreciate it,…and to understand my obsession with it 🙂 Anyways, here it is, in order of importance:
1. Stop drinking instant coffee
While I know it can be tempting to just pick up a jar of nescafe, and in 10sec you have yourself a coffee in the morning, or during work. Yes you save those precious 4 minutes (see point #2 why), but you lose out on the 5 minutes or so of enjoyment. So basically you’re not doing yourself any favour, and you’re actually at a net loss. The only time one is allowed to drink instant coffee is on an airplane or train, where you know they won’t bother with espressos. So do yourself a favour and….
2. Buy a caffetiere, or french press as it is called in the US
You can go into any Starbucks, or department store, to get one of these. It is probably the simplest way to make coffee. All you have to do is put 2 proper spoons of (and I can’t overstate the importance of this) fine-grined coffee into the caffetiere, for each cup (and don’t skim out on the coffee, because if you just use one, you lose on the strength and flavor – basically you’ll drink coffee flavoured water). Then, pour 1 cup of hot, not boiling, water into the caffetiere, stir a bit, and let it sit for 4 minutes! Then just press the lever down, and voila.
3. Don’t rush drinking your coffee
When you do finally get the chance to make a proper cup of coffee, don’t rush it. Even if you have a job interview or an exam, sit down in your kitchen, and take those 5min to enjoy the coffee and make a mental plan how you’re going to ace that interview or the exam. If you rush it, you’re just increasing your stress level, and you run the risk of spilling your coffee on your shirt or something, and you don’t really want that to happen right? But the main point is, the whole point of coffee is to relax and enjoy those few minutes of you-time, unless you’re meeting a friend to catch up or something.
4. Learn about the history of coffee
If you’re reallyyyy keen on getting into coffee, try learning about its history. Just go on Wikipedia, or do a youtube search (I love coffee, or something like that). Knowing where coffee actually comes from, how it is made, what are the different types, etc. is actually what makes coffee drinking quite fun, and a good hobby as well. A good book is also ‘Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How it Transformed our World’ by Mark Pendergrast. There’s another one I read recently, but can’t remember the title right now, so I’ll post it in the comments when I get home.
5. Get a Nespresso machine
Now, this one, I used to be really against as the whole capsules system as I thought that it takes the fun out of making your own coffee, but actually it doesn’t. And it kills that excuse about being in a hurry and not making a proper cup. Yes, it might be a bit expensive (they start at about 100euros or so), but it is worth it. Capsules are about 0.25EUR, so really not that expensive if you think about it. If you go out to have an espresso you’ll pay at least 4x as much for it. In the last 3 months since I had my own Nespresso, I probably saved at least as much as the machine and the capsules cost. Not saying you should not get coffee when you’re out, as that just won’t work, BUT if you think about it, skipping that morning coffee on the go (saving 2EUR), might in those 3 months add up to a Nespresso machine….True story 😉
Coffee quote of the day: I believe humans get a lot done, not because we’re smart, but because we have thumbs so we can make coffee. – Flash Rosenberg
Just Getting Into Coffee? Tips for Coffee Beginners
Across the country, the craft coffee movement is growing. Great roasters are popping up all over the place and the level that quality coffee has reached is phenomenal. It is a great time to be a coffee lover.
If you are just showing up to the coffee party, don’t worry. There is plenty of time to get up to speed. While the world of coffee knowledge is vast, here are a few tips for coffee beginners that can instantly elevate the quality of the coffee you brew at home and give you a head start on your coffee journey.
Start with Fresh Roasted, Good Quality Coffee
Not all coffee is on an equal footing. Most people know that there is a difference between various coffee qualities, but they might not know how vast the differences in quality actually are. The coffee that you choose makes a huge difference on your brewed cup of coffee.
Here is what to look for:
- Look for a roast date- Despite popular opinion, coffee is a perishable food and is actually pretty volatile. Don’t be fooled by coffee that has a best by date, look for coffee that has a roasted on date. Roasted coffee is best within the first month or so of the roast date.
- Avoid pre-ground when possible- If grinding your coffee at home right before you brew is an option, that is the recommended method. Coffee stales much quicker in it’s ground form and purchasing pre-ground coffee with an expiration date instead of a roast date will probably mean you are not getting the most out of your coffee brewing experience.
- Search for quality roasters and coffee you like- You may have a hard time finding fresh roasted coffee at your standard super market. Search out local coffee shops, coffee subscription services and area roasters for the freshest and best coffee. It helps to find someone; a roaster, a barista, or a twitter account, that you can actually interact with and ask questions about their coffee.
Pay Attention to The Details
As with most things worth doing in life, paying attention to the details matters for brewing coffee. There are many small details that go into making a great cup of coffee, but two larger details that make a big difference are using fresh, clean water and measuring your dosage.
Coffee is mainly water, hence the water you use will make a significant difference in how your coffee turns out. Use water that tastes good to you, if the water tastes good it will probably be fine for coffee. Make sure it is fresh, clean and clear. Using bottled spring or drinking water is fine but do not use distilled.
Regulating and measuring how much coffee you use when you brew is something that takes small effort but has huge pay-offs. Don’t just guess how much coffee to use. Start with the recommended dosage for your brewing method and then adjust for personal preferences after tasting your finished product. Your goal is consistency. Without measuring the ratio of coffee to water you are using, it will be hard to get repeatable results.
Focus on Quality
In a culture where nearly everything is mega-sized, making coffee is no exception. Mass quantities are the first priority and quality is typically only added in when it is convenient. Take the road less traveled and focus on quality, you won’t be disappointed.
Here are a few things that can pack a punch from a quality of brewed coffee perspective:
- Make small batches and drink it fresh- Brewed coffee is best fresh. It is better to make several small batches throughout the day than to make one large batch in the morning and have it sit on a hot plate all day long. Leaving your coffee on a hot plate will burn it and change the taste (it’s not a good change either). If you find it to be too inconvenient to make several batches of coffee each day, invest in a quality carafe. Keeping coffee warm and sealed in a carafe or travel mug is much preferred over constantly reheating or burning your coffee.
- Consider manual coffee brewing- I am a huge proponent of manual brewing. (I have a blog named Brewing Coffee Manually in fact). Manual brewing is exactly what it sounds like; You are the coffee maker and you add water to coffee grounds in order to achieve the cup of coffee that you want. This may sound like a lot of work and like it is only for fanatical coffee addicts but with a minimal investment of time and a money you can make markedly better coffee than most automatic coffee makers.
- Ease off the additives- If you are adding copious amounts of sugar and flavored creamers to your coffee, it may be time to reevaluate. There is nothing wrong with adding things to your coffee and this isn’t a snobbery thing. You may find quality coffee brewed purposefully to be enjoyable black. Before adding anything to your coffee each time, take a sip of it. You never know which one will strike a harmonious chord with your palate.
Enjoy, Learn and Share
As I mentioned earlier, it is a great time to be a coffee lover. Don’t stress out about the details, celebrate and enjoy them. With all the options available, you can explore and find a coffee made just the way you like it.
If you are unhappy with the cups of coffee you are brewing at home, go back and evaluate your inputs and see where the problem is. When you are stumped don’t be intimidated, ask questions. There are tons of people out there who are willing and eager to answer your questions, myself included.
When you get find a fantastic coffee you enjoy and get your brewing system down, share it. Nothing brings community quite like sharing a cup of coffee. It’s one of life’s simple pleasures. The fact that you made the coffee yourself will be the icing on the cake.
Want to try more coffee?
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About John GiulianoAn alchemist turning ordinary beans into extraordinary coffee. Our resident brewologist, read more about John's quest for the perfect cup at Brewing Coffee Manually
How to make Turkish coffee
Turkish coffee does not necessarily mean that the coffee is from Turkey. Turkey does not produce coffee so the term “Turkish Coffee” usually refers to the brewing method.
Making Turkish coffee however, is not that simple and it does not entail just throwing a couple of spoons of ground coffee into a cup and then adding hot water. Turkish Coffee brewing requires some experience, patience and good timing.
Coffee being an important part of the Turkish culture is not considered just to be any other drink. It is very tasty (with and without sugar) and it is usually served after a Turkish meal.
Turkish people are well known for their hospitality to their guests and as a result they only want to serve the best food and beverages.
Things you need in order to make Turkish coffee
- Coffee beans or fresh ground coffee
- Turkish coffee pot ( known as cezve or ibrik in Turkish )
- Turkish coffee grinder ( Manual Coffee Grinder )
- Coffee cups ( known as fincans in Turkish )
- Sugar ( Optional )
- Teaspoon for stirring
Grind Coffee Beans for Perfect Turkish Coffee Taste
For one to be able to produce the best Turkish coffee there is a need to grind the coffee beans just before starting the brewing. For the process of grinding the coffee beans it is advised to do it manually using a Turkish coffee grinder.
Grinding the coffee beans just before brewing brewing helps to add extra flavor to the coffee because the oils are preserved much longer in fresh beans. Remember that the coffee beans should be very finely grounded for the coffee to be tasty.
Turkish Coffee Brands
Manually grinding Turkish Coffee beans can be a chore for some, others are to busy to make that part of their morning or afternoon routine. It’s good to know that you can just go and buy already ground Turkish coffee that is imported from Turkey and well known for it’s quality. Some of the major brands are
If you decide to buy ground Turkish coffee, make sure that you check the expiry date in order to ensure the coffee is fresh. In addition to this, it is considered necessary for you to seal the can of the ground coffee tightly after each use in order to ensure that it stays as fresh as possible. We always advise taking the coffee out the original packet and putting it into a vacuum sealed jar. Keep it at room temperature and please do not put it inside the fridge.
Water used can affect the taste of Turkish Coffee
The water you use while making Turkish coffee will determine the quality of coffee at the end of the process. It is upon the preference of a person to determine the quality of water to be used. However, it is recommended to use bottled water which will make the coffee extra delicious. This is recommended due to the fact that most tap water in the city usually contains a lot of chlorine and this can have a big impact on how Turkish coffee tastes. The water to be used should be at room temperature and you must always remember to never use hot water in an attempt to fasten the brewing process.
Turkish Coffee pot, Cezve, Ibrik
The kind of coffee pot to use while making Turkish coffee is equally important for the production of a very delicious coffee. A Turkish coffee pot is recommended and you must ensure that it is spotless clean before you use it.
Turkish Coffee Recipe – making Turkish coffee
1) Measure the right amount of Water
Take a Turkish coffee cup and measure the amount of water you want to use to make your Turkish coffee. This is done because the same coffee cup is the one that will be used to serve the coffee after it is ready. This will ensure that you do not brew a very strong bitter coffee or very light tasteless coffee. Add the water to your coffee pot
2) Add Turkish Coffee
For each coffee cup (fincan) of water, add 1 teaspoonful of your Turkish ground coffee. You can go slightly more or less than a teaspoon depending on whether you like your coffee light or strong.
3) Add Sugar
Now it is time to add your sugar if you would like it sweet. Turkish coffee is prepared quite differently from all the other coffee brewing methods. Turkish coffee recipe requires sugar to be added before cooking the coffee unlike the other types where sugar is added after the coffee is ready. At this step you will add the sugar before placing the pot on fire. You can use any type of sugar you prefer. The Turkish people usually prepare their coffee in two different ways, you will be always asked if you would like to have sugar or no sugar.
4) Heat your Coffee Pot at Med/Low Temperature
Having added coffee, water, and sugar into the Turkish pot, now is the time to place your pot on fire and start cooking your coffee. Stir the mixture in the pot using a thin spoon and ensure that your fire is at medium to low temperature for proper extraction. Continue stirring slowly and remember never to leave your coffee on fire because it will boil and spill over. It takes only a few minutes for your coffee to boil if you are using a Turkish coffee pot ( ibrik, cezve ).
5) Take the Turkish coffee foam and put it into cups
It is good to know that Turkish coffee tastes even more delicious if it has a lot of Crema on top which is micro foam that settles on top of your coffee due to oils separating from the coffee beans under high heat. When your coffee starts foaming before boiling, you can take the coffee off the pot and use a spoon to take this foam and put it into the cups you will use to serve the coffee. this will ensure that all of your guests get a taste of the Turkish coffee foam because when you start to pour it can quickly all go into just one coffee cup. The foaming process is considered to be a very important to making proper Turkish coffee. After that you can place the coffee pot back to fire.
6) Bring coffee to near boil
After putting the cezve back on fire wait until it boils properly then remove it from the fire and serve it into the cups with the foam. Some people prefer to make it boil more than once. This is done by taking the pot from the fire and allowing it to cool for about 30 seconds and then returning it back to fire. This can be done up to three times. Don’t boil the coffee for a long time, the boil should only happen for less then 5 to 10 seconds. You should try this variation as well and judge the taste yourself.
7) Serve Turkish Coffee
Pour the Turkish coffee into cups (fincans) and remember that Turkish coffee is served with a small glass of cold water and something sweet, a piece of Turkish delight, nuts or chocolate. Always remember that Turkish coffee is never served with milk and cream.
Turkish coffee can also be made to be extra tasty by adding other flavors from such things like cardamom pods, or cinnamon sticks.
How to make Turkish coffee Steps
- Making Turkish Coffee is a simple process if you have all the right tools.
- Remember to add your water and Turkish coffee proportionally one teaspoon for every small coffee cup (fincan)
- watch while it heats and stir to get an even extraction and to make sure all the sugar is blended in
- when the foam starts to rise take the coffee pot off the stove
- Take the crema foam and put it into cups
- Heat up the coffee pot again and bring to near boil
- Pour the coffee into the cups
- Serve your coffee along with something sweet